What Causes Symptoms of Depression?
What are the Symptoms of Depression?
What are Depression Medications?
Medication for depression and anxiety were first introduced in the 1950s. Since then, the medications have evolved. There are five main classes of depression medication. They are:
- Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) – This class of antidepressants is less likely to cause severe side effects and is also probably composed of the most recognized brands. They include Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil.
- Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) – One example of this class is the brand name Cymbalta (Duloxetine).
- A-typical Antidepressants – This class of antidepressants doesn’t fit into the other categories. An example is Wellbutrin (Bupropion).
- Tricyclic Antidepressants – While this class of antidepressants has been around the longest, they also tend to cause more side effects and are typically not prescribed on the first try. Brands include Tofranil (Imipramine).
- Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) – These are more of a last resort option, if none of the other classes of antidepressants are working. There are some pretty strict rules when taking MAOIs because they can have extremely dangerous interactions with other medications and even some food groups. An example of MAOIs is Parnate (Tranylcypromine).
Why is Skipping Doses of Antidepressants a Bad Idea?
Antidepressants and Risk of Suicide
The FDA requires all manufacturers of antidepressants to put ‘black box warnings’ on the medication to warn of potential increases in suicidal thoughts and behavior. These risks are higher during the first few weeks of taking these medications, a dose change, or for patients under the age of 25 years old.